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【会议邀请】当科学与人文一起面对生命

Tue, 22 Mar 2022 18:30:00 GMT+08 ~ Tue, 22 Mar 2022 21:00:00 GMT+08
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博古睿研究院中国中心
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    工作坊 | Workshop

    科学家与哲学家面对生命时的时空尺度是一样的吗?

    Do Scientists and Philosophers Face Life on the Same Spatio-Temporal Scale?


    本期讨论 | Key Discussions

    • 智人的出现有20-30万年,农耕的出现有1万3千年,而哲学的基本问题可以追溯到3千年前。如果这些问题对人类生存而言是不可或缺的,在没有提出这些问题时,人类是怎么生存下来的?

    • 人类走到今天,有哪些不可替代的创新?这些创新的发生是必然的还是偶然的?

    • 人对世界的存在和自身的本质的发问可以追溯到轴心时代,有没有更大的时空尺度看待人类社会?

    • 如果把人类放到整个生命系统的框架内来研究其行为模式,这是否可能?会面临什么哲学上的困境?

    • Homo sapiens emerged 200,000-300,000 years ago; farming emerged 13,000 years ago; and the basic questions of philosophy were addressed 3,000 years ago. If those questions were necessary for the survival of human beings, how did people survive when they were not asked?

    • Up to the current point in history, which human innovations are irreplaceable? Did these innovations come about inevitably or accidentally? 

    • Is there a larger scope for viewing human society and human nature beyond that which essentially initiated from the Axial Age?

    • Is it possible to investigate and interpret human behavior in the framework of the living system? What philosophical challenges would emerge facing such a paradigm shift?


    对谈嘉宾 | Interlocutors

    白书农

    • 北京大学生命科学学院教授

    • 2020-2021博古睿学者

    白书农,北京大学生命科学学院教授。自从1983年开始接受研究生训练以来对不同植物发育事件的实验研究,引导他对植物发育形成了不同于主流的观点。白书农认为当下需要复兴现代植物学奠基者的观点,即一棵植株不是一个类似于一个动物的个体,而是一个很多“个体”聚生的“聚合体”。他所提出的有关植物发育的“植物形态建成123”理论,将之前提出的“植物发育单位”、“有性生殖周期”、“植物发育程序”等新概念整合成为一个自洽的逻辑体系。为理解植物发育过程的内在动力,白书农还对探讨生命本质问题产生了浓厚的兴趣。他认为,“什么是’活’”才是理解生命的根本问题。与两位数学家合作,他提出了“活”的本质是“结构换能量循环”。


    BAI Shunong

    • Professor, School of Life Sciences, Peking University

    • 2020-2021 Berggruen Fellow

    Bai Shunong is a professor at the School of Life Sciences, Peking University. Since beginning of his postgraduate training in 1983, his research activities on plant development phenomena has led him to form a nonconventional perspective on plant development. Bai Shunong believes that it is necessary to revive the views proposed by the founders of modern botany — that a plant is not an individual, like most animals are; rather, it is a colony of many developmental units, essentially equivalent to the animal "individuals." The "Plant Morphology 123" theory he proposed regarding plant development integrates previously proposed novel concepts such as the "plant development unit," "sexual reproduction cycle," and "plant development program" into a self-consistent conceptual system. Seeking to understand the internal driving force of plant morphogenesis, Bai Shunong realized that instead of asking “what is life”, people should first ask “what is being live”. In cooperation with two mathematicians, he proposed that the "structure of the energy cycle" is what can be called “live”, and the origin point of entire living system we experienced on the earth.


    赵汀阳

    • 中国社会科学院学部委员、哲学研究所研究员

    • 2018-2019博古睿学者

    赵汀阳是中国社会科学院学部委员、哲学研究所研究员。他的“天下体系”并非乌托邦式的幻想,它是一个有望保证和平和安全的体系,期望的是一个以共在为原则的世界存在秩序。2019年1月,第13期法国《新文学杂志》评选出35位影响世界的思想家,这位博古睿学者位列其中。他的主要著作有《天下体系:世界制度哲学导论》(2011年)、《惠此中国:作为一个神性概念的中国》(2016年)以及《天下的当代性:世界秩序的实践与想象》(2016年)等。


    ZHAO Tingyang

    • Professor and member of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

    • 2018-2019 Berggruen Fellow

    Zhao is a professor, member of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and a senior fellow of Peking University Berggruen Research Institute. His theory of the Tianxia System (All-Under-Heaven), a conception of world order, attempts to transcend Huntington’s “clashes of civilizations” and advances an alternative to the Kantian conception of perpetual peace. He has published many books, including The Tianxia System: Reimaging Visions of Global Order from the Past and for the Future and The Whirlpool that Produced China: Stag Hunting on the Central Plains of China.


    主持嘉宾 | Moderator

    刘晓力

    • 中国人民大学哲学院教授

    • 2021-2022博古睿学者

    北京大学哲学博士,中国人民大学哲学院教授。曾任中国逻辑学会副会长,现任中国自然辩证法研究会科学哲学专业委员会主任。从事数学哲学、科学哲学、心灵哲学与认知科学的交叉研究。主要著作包括:《理性的生命:哥德尔思想研究》、《认知科学前沿的哲学问题》、《认知科学对当代哲学的挑战》,主编《心灵与机器交响曲》、《心灵与认知》丛书等。2007-2020年,主持了总计100期中国人民大学“科学-社会-人文论坛”。2018年,作为首席专家,创建中国人民大学哲学与认知科学交叉平台和“哲学与认知科学明德讲坛”。


    ​LIU Xiaoli

    • Professor, Department of Philosophy, Renmin University of China 

    • 2021-2022 Berggruen Fellow

    Liu Xiaoli received her Ph.D. from Peking University and is a professor at the Department of Philosophy of Renmin University of China. She was a Vice President of the Chinese Society of Logic and is currently the Director of the Professional Committee of Philosophy of Science of the Chinese Society for the Study of Natural Dialectics. Her major research interests include philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of science, philosophy of mind, and interdisciplinary research between philosophy and cognitive science. Her major publications include: "The Life of Reason: A Study of Gödel's Thought," "Philosophical Issues at the Frontiers of Cognitive Science," and "The Challenge of Cognitive Science to Contemporary Philosophy." She edited "Symphony of Mind and Machine" and "Mind and Cognition" series. "In 2018, as the Lead Expert, she founded the Interdisciplinary Platform for Philosophy and Cognitive Sciences, Renmin University of China and the "Philosophy and Cognitive Science Mingde Forum" at Renmin University of China.



    对话简介 | About the Dialogue

    生物学家和人文学者都认同“人是生物”吗?“人”与“生物”之间有边界吗?如果有,这个边界划在哪里?如果没有,“人”是什么?这种划界对理解人类、理解生命有意义吗?北大博古睿将自2021年11月起开展“当科学与人文一起面对生命”系列活动,邀请生命科学学者、人文及社会科学学者、艺术家等跨界的思想者,一同解读不同观念体系下如何理解“人类是什么”、“生命是什么”等话题,促成相互的理解和启发,为更透彻、本质地理解人类变革提供思想底色。

    Do biologists and humanists agree that "human beings are biological organisms"? Is there a boundary between "human beings" and " other animals"? If yes, where should the boundary be drawn? If not, what does it mean to be a “human being”? How could a boundary be meaningful for the understanding of human beings and of life? From November 2021, the Berggruen Research Center at Peking University will launch a series of workshops called "When Science and Humanities Face Life Together," inviting life science scholars, humanities and social science scholars, artists, and cross-disciplinary thinkers to discuss the questions "what is human" and "what is life" under differing perspectives. The series aims to promote mutual understanding between the “two cultures”, and to provide an incubator for diversified views to interact, in order to foster new ideas in understanding human transformation.


    时间 | Time

    2022.03.22  18:30-21:00 | 北京时间 Beijing Time


    日程 | Agenda

    18:30-18:40

    开场简介|Opening Remarks


    18:40-20:10

    对谈:科学家与哲学家面对生命时的时空尺度是一样的吗?

    Dialogue: Do Scientists and Philosophers Face Life on the Same Spatio-Temporal Scale?


    20:10-21:00

    开放式讨论Open Discussion


    报名方式 Registration

    请扫码报名参加在北京大学斯坦福中心的现场活动(仅限北大师生)

    Please scan to register for the workshop at Stanford Center at Peking University (limited to PKU staff and students)


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    直播平台 Streaming Platform

    哔哩哔哩 Bilibili 

    http://live.bilibili.com/22575361

    扫码观看 Scan to Watch



    语言 | Language

    中文  Chinese


    主办单位 | Host

    北京大学博古睿研究中心 | 思想改变世界

    聚焦东西方对话,对影响人类变革的深刻变化开展跨文化、跨学科研究。重点关注前沿技术和社会治理等相关主题,特别是人工智能、基因编辑对人类社会发展的影响,以及全球治理和全球化等议题。

    Berggruen Research Center, Peking University | Ideas for a changing world

    The Berggruen Research Center is a hub for East-West research and dialogue dedicated to the cross-cultural and interdisciplinary study of the transformations affecting humanity. Intellectual themes focus on frontier technologies and society—specifically in artificial intelligence, the microbiome, gene editing, and issues involving global governance and globalization.






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    博古睿研究院中国中心

    博古睿研究院中国中心

    博古睿研究院中国中心聚焦从中国视角、东方智慧观照人类变革和全球治理。人工智能和生命科学的突破性发展引领了第四次科技革命,中国科学家和思想家参与全球对话至关重要;融入当代性的东方智慧如何破解今天全球共同面临的挑战。 2018年12月19日,北京大学博古睿研究中心在北京揭牌成立。 2010年,尼古拉斯·博古睿和内森·加尔斯在加利福尼亚汇集顶尖学界、商界和政界人士,思考和讨论由世界金融危机带来的经济、政治问题,西方民主制度危机带来的挑战,以及中国的崛起将怎样影响21世纪的全球合作和治理。

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